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July 22, 2019

News

European car sales in reverse

Last week brought more ominous news for the
European Auto industry, with ACEA[1]
figures revealing that new car sales had slipped by a substantial 7.8% in June.

The data
comes at a time when car manufacturers are already grappling with a host of challenges
such as heavier regulation, the demonization of diesel,  Brexit, the trade war, changing consumer
attitudes towards car ownership and the shift towards electric vehicles
(meaning a lot of cash needs to be siphoned into R&D). The share prices of
major auto makers slipped on the news,  with the market value of certain high profile
names already dented from profit warnings issued earlier in the year.

Sales
year-to-date are down 3.1%, and the ACEA predicts that for 2019 in its
entirety, sales will come down 1%: with total EU car sales projected to be just
above 15 million units at the end of the year. Previously it had predicted a 1%
rise.

What is important to remember is the fact that the roll-out of emissions standards in September 2018 skews the data as is visible in the below chart. In August 2018, car registrations in Europe were given an artificial boost ahead of the new WLTP emissions test that was applicable on all new car registrations from 1st September 2018. This led most manufacturers to slash prices in order to offload pre-WLTP vehicles - it will be after September when a base-effect in the data stops having such a strong influence on this year’s figures.

Source: Bloomberg, BIL

But calendar
reasons aside, the automotive industry is in crisis mode, with margins being
squeezed from all angles. On one hand, there is the possibility that the car
market has hit its peak. Millennial generations do not have the same ‘emotional
connection’ to cars and see them rather as a means of getting from A to B. They
are consequently more drawn to alternative solutions such as short-term
rental (Uber model), peer-to-peer sharing (Blablacar or SnappCar), the
on-demand model (Flexdrive) to Airbnb-style models (Turo). Sales in China,
which was the new hot market for autos, are also on the decline. 2018 will be
marked as the first year in almost three decades that negative growth has been
recorded in China’s auto industry. 2019 continues on the same path with onslaught
of new CO2 regulations and with consumers postponing purchases because of trade
war uncertainty and in anticipation of government incentives which analysts say
could potentially materialize in 2020 (they ascribe a 20% probability to this).

Simultaneously,
whilst sales are falling, costs for car manufacturers are rising. The unprecedented
shift to electric and autonomous vehicles is capital intensive, as is the
investment needed to remain compliant with new ‘green’ regulations. Yet in
order for new ideas about electro mobility to have a chance, they must be
affordable to customers. Today they are more expensive than traditional
vehicles and it is going to be difficult for automakers to strike a balance
between affordability and a level whereby they can cover their costs.

Such margin
compression explains why car manufactures are trading at a 15 year low
(in terms of valuations) against the wider market. And this is just the tip of
the iceberg. There is also the risk of a no-deal Brexit, or Donald Trump’s threat of tariffs on auto
imports into the US which floats on the horizon – that could really be the
straw that breaks the camel’s back for industry which plays a crucial role in Europe’s
economic fabric.


[1] European
Automobile Manufacturers' Association 


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