May 21, 2019Bilboard
BILBoard May 2019 – It’s not game over for growth but there are more snakes than ladders
the classic board game Snakes and Ladders, players must navigate from the
bottom of the board to the top, and the first to do so is declared the winner.
Successful players avoid snakes, which send you sliding back down the board, and
try to land on ladders which offer a shortcut up towards the finish line. Right
now, if the market were a game of snakes and ladders, the board would feature a
lot more snakes than ladders for risk assets. On top of that, the ladders would
be disproportionately shorter – meaning that the potential upside for risk
assets looks contained, whereas the downside could be very steep indeed. For
this reason, we have taken more risk off the table and reduced our equity
exposure from ‘neutral’ down to ‘underweight’. The proceeds were parked in safe
assets, namely US Treasuries and euro amounts in high-quality vehicles with
This move was taken after the most recent ‘snake’ which sent major indices into the red (the S&P 500 by as much as 2.5%), namely the decision by the US administration to impose further tariffs on Chinese imports ($200bn of goods had their import levy raised from 10% to 25%). China countered by upping tariffs from 5% to 15% on $60bn of US goods. What this shows is that a truce is off the cards, and that the game of trade between the US and China is not a quick game of checkers. Rather, it seems that it will be more akin to a calculated, drawn-out, strategic game of chess, with the opponents trying and testing each other at every move. In the absence of a short-term solution, markets will keep yo-yoing. Over the longer term, higher tariffs will have implications for economic growth. A joint study by the Federal Reserve, Princeton and Columbia Universities found that the existing levies have raised costs for US consumers by $1.4bn a month. Higher prices could dampen the propensity to spend, and private consumption is the backbone of the US economy. At the same time, this could coax inflation upwards, potentially becoming a game changer for monetary policy. For now, the Fed has been locked in a ‘wait-and-see’ modus, especially with inflation tepid below its 2% target and global uncertainties prevalent. We don’t expect a rate move this year, whereas the market is currently pricing a cut. There is a danger that it could be caught off-guard here because – trade war aside – the US economy still looks to be in good shape, having registered growth of 3.2% in Q1. Investment and consumption still serve as pillars of growth and the labour market is ultra-tight: unemployment is at 3.6% - the lowest level since 1969.
The eurozone looks more precarious,
with its manufacturing sector (especially in Germany) in deep trouble. Factory
orders remain depressed from fluctuating demand (both domestic and foreign). With
the various risks dotted across the region, it’s a bit of an Indiana Jones-style
China churned out decent enough Q1
growth of 6.4%, and the
consensus expects the pace to stabilise at around 6.3% this year. Industrial
production and domestic consumption are both holding up well, rising 8.5% and
8.7%, respectively, whille the PMI is back in expansionary territory above 50.
The government is taking a hands-on approach in keeping the economy buoyant –
most recently Beijing even bought up Chinese equities following new tariff
impositions to limit the damage.
the whole, growth is, and is expected to remain at, comfortable levels,
supporting equities. However, that being said, there are not many catalysts
that could give stocks a further leg up, and for the next ‘ladder’ we may have
to sit tight until the Q1 earnings season. On the other hand, it seems there is no shortage of risks
– whether it be Brexit, the European elections where populists on the
fringes may gain more clout, or the US pursuit of protectionism with both
allies and adversaries. This asymmetric risk environment pushed our hand in underweighting
equities. Within our downsized universe, we still prefer the US where recession
is not considered an imminent risk, where earnings expectations have descended
to more realistic levels (consensus sees 4% EPS growth for the S&P 500) and
where prices should be supported by a wave of buybacks. Our least-preferred
region is Europe. Next to political risks, there is also the prospect that the
US section 232 investigation into automotive security could result in tariffs
on automotive imports. This could be the final block that topples the shaky Jenga
tower that Europe’s manufacturing sector is resembling. Furthermore, financials – which make up a significant
proportion of the European market – are facing a plethora of problems: money laundering
scandals, low rates, low loan demand, and so on.
We are underweight Japan due to its
sensitivity to the micro cycle and lacklustre earnings expectations. Further
tarnishing the region’s allure is the consumption tax hike penned in for
October, which will likely put a dent in consumer confidence. We are also underweight
emerging markets, which have lost momentum after a good run. The region’s fortunes
will be heavily influenced by the outcome of trade talks.
In terms of sectors, we are remaining overweight
in technology, which drives earnings growth. We are underweight utilities and
After investing the proceeds of our
equity sales in high-quality liquid bonds, our fixed income exposure is now
neutral. In this segment of our portfolios, we are still underweight high yield,
govies and emerging market bonds, while harbouring an overweight in investment
grade corporates. Quality is the leitmotif here, and we further minimised our risk
exposure by shifting into instruments with a higher credit rating and trimming
exposure to corporate hybrids and subordinated financials. The broader market seems to share this risk
aversion, and even during the recent rally investors have not wholeheartedly
jumped back into riskier bonds (as seen in the wide spread between A and
BBB-rated bonds). Overall, in investment grade, spreads are sitting around
historical averages, and demand is strong. Even without the invisible hand of
central banks, new issues have been well absorbed. That being said, no asset
class is immune to trade talks, and tensions could cause spreads to widen again,
as could an influx of new issues.
All in all, it’s not yet ‘Game Over’ for the global economic growth story. However, the slowdown is real and in motion and with risks abound, we felt it was time to play it safe and bring our exposure to risk assets below neutral.
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