Overall, as the world emerges more quickly
than anticipated from one of the worst recessions on record, growth forecasts
have improved; the IMF now expects the global economy to experience a 4.4%
contraction in 2020, 0.8% better than predicted in June. This is largely thanks
to floods of fiscal and monetary stimulus and the containment of the virus in
China and other Asian countries. However, a Corona-shaped cloud still hangs
over the economy, threatening to rain on the recovery, undermining confidence,
consumption and investment. Some countries are better equipped to weather the
virus than others (from both a medical and policy standpoint) and, as such, a
very uneven recovery is playing out.
In the US, despite three million active
cases of the virus, stabilization is at play thanks to the Treasury and the
Federal Reserve. Business confidence is improving and factory activity rose for
four consecutive months before September’s moderation of -0.6% (which shows it
may be difficult to keep pace while the virus persists). On the consumer side,
sentiment increased in October, retail sales are stronger than they were before
the pandemic (concentrated online, in supermarkets and at building material
stores) and the real estate market is particularly buoyant. However, continued
confidence somewhat hinges on new fiscal stimulus to further support the
economy and the labour market. While the unemployment rate has fallen to 7.9%, long-term
unemployed (unemployed for 27 weeks or more) figures are creeping up, most recently
by 781,000 to 2.4 million, and labour market slack has weakened employee bargaining
power when it comes to wages. Inflation is still on the rise, reflecting an
improving economic situation, however we haven’t seen a risk of a sudden spike
that would instigate a policy pivot from the Fed (especially under its new
average inflation targeting). The elections are generating some anxiety and may
give rise to short-term volatility (especially if the outcome is disputed), but
ultimately, economic cycles are much more important for asset classes than the
composition of the US Government. In terms of the currency, we believe the
picture less supportive for the US dollar due to the cumbersome twin deficits
which could expand further if we see a Democratic sweep in the elections.
In the eurozone, the IMF expects a
contraction of -10.2%. Indeed, more rain could be on the forecast, as we wait
for datapoints showing how consumer behavior has been affected by the second
round of lockdowns and restrictions. Already, a loss of momentum in the industrial sector is clear,
and the pandemic has left a puddle on the labour market, with the unemployment rate on the rise since March (most recently 8.1%)
while inflation has all but evaporated (-0.3% in September), in part due to the
with the virus almost snuffed out, the clouds have receded, making way for
economic sunlight. The country is an outlier in that it is expected to post positive
growth in 2020; the IMF predicts 1.9%, followed by 8.2% in 2021. Demand (external
and domestic) is coming back and China is now reshoring certain activities that
had been outsourced.
Other emerging markets are still in the thick fog of the pandemic. The IMF predicts growth of -8.1% in Latin America, as “the legacies of the pandemic cloud an already uncertain outlook”, while in India, for example, the economy is projected to contract by -10.3%. Oil exporting countries are at a particular disadvantage.
We are maintaining our previous
allocations within the bond space, with a preference for high quality corporate
bonds in both developed markets and within our Emerging Market allocation.
While we’ve maintained a layer of governments
as a windbreaker in times of heightened volatility, we are generally reluctant
on this asset class, especially in the US and on longer duration. Polls suggest
that the Democrats could take victory in the US election. If they do, we could see
a much larger stimulus package (c. $2 trillion) than may have been expected
under Republican charge, which could in turn drive rates higher. As such “short
Treasuries” is now a consensus trade.
We like corporate bonds given the continued support of central banks. The ECB is expected to continue buying bonds at a pace of up to EUR 10 billion per month. Economists expect more stimulus to be announced in December 2020 and an extension of the emergency program to end-2021. In the US, the bond market is now standing on its own two feet and the Fed has been able to dial down its bond buying, using only a fraction of its firepower. Despite the fact that the Fed’s buying is mostly symbolic, if it doesn’t extend the program which is set to expire in December, there is a risk of volatility.
High-yield bonds have been trading sideways. In
Europe, default rates are low, while being slightly higher in the US (however 4/5
of defaults occurred in the beleaguered energy sector). We are selective on
this asset class, preferring companies that have not saddled themselves with
too much debt. In the emerging market debt space, corporates are still the most
Maintaining an overweight in the US and switching part of our European
exposure to China.
rising infection levels, US equity markets were stable up to the last week of
October and following September’s correction. The Q3 earnings season has been
better than feared (over 80% of companies on the S&P 500 have reported a
positive surprise), however is still on track to post the second worst set of
results since the 2008 financial crisis, and guidance remains opaque. The US has
strong prospects given that it is the region where the most prominent growth
and “stay at home” beneficiaries are located. It is admittedly expensive, with
hopes around new stimulus inflating valuations even further – so the challenge will be for companies to deliver on the earnings
front in 2021. The US is the only region to have a minor positive
revision amongst analysts, however this has started to level off as they grow a
little more sceptical – something we are paying close attention to, especially
as earnings results roll out.
With the eurozone underperforming on almost every
front, we have gone even more underweight, switching a proportion of our
holdings to Chinese equities. Accelerating
reforms in China are broadening access to foreign investors, lifting growth
prospects while sectors like technology, healthcare and consumption are driving
terms of style, “lower for longer” interest rate policies are supportive of
growth and quality stocks. In terms of sectors, we like healthcare, consumer
staples and IT, as well as some late cyclicals such as materials and utilities
which have enjoyed strong revisions. Due to wide-ranging dispersions in
performance, selectivity is key, and we still prefer to identify top performers
within sectors, rather than betting on sectors as a whole.
Despite the short-term consolidation in
September, we are constructive on gold over the longer term. Bullion ETFs have
received record inflows and the price is on an uptrend – above its 100-day
moving average. Higher inflation expectations remain supportive.
We are negative on oil. Even though demand
has picked up recently, driven by China, it will likely come under pressure
again as governments unveil new restrictions on activity. The second round of lockdowns
has also limited OPEC’s flexibility to loosen supply, as it planned to do in
In Japan there are fifty different words to describe rain. There are just as many different rates of recovery playing out around the world, and we aim to position ourselves in locations that are faring best – namely the US and China. In the coming quarters, the trajectory of the economy will depend largely on countries’ ability to contain the virus, but come rain or shine, a well-diversified portfolio comprising high quality assets is the best way to weather the storm until blue skies return.
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